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First Grade

1st Grade

Curriculum At A Glance

End-of-the-Year Assessment Benchmarks/Targets:

  • The student will score 35 or more on phoneme segmentation fluency as measured by the DIBELS.
  • Students will score 50 or more on nonsense word fluency as measured by the DIBELS.
  • Students will score 40 or more on oral reading fluency as measured by the DIBELS.

Reading

The student… 

  • reads at or above level 16 on DRA
  • uses basic elements of phonetic analysis (ex. Hears, segments, substitutes and blends sounds in words)
  • uses sound/symbol relations and beginning letters (onsets) and patterns (rhymes) as visual cues for decoding
  • uses context clues to construct meaning (ex. illustrations, knowledge of the story and topic)
  • uses information from a variety of sources (letters, sounds, pictures, background information, grammar) to figure out unknown words.
  • develops vocabulary by using references (ex. Illustrations, knowledge of the story and topic) to build upon prior knowledge
  • uses knowledge of word endings (including s, ing, ed, er, est, ful) to determine word meanings
  • uses a variety of strategies to comprehend text (ex. Inference, self-monitoring, predicting, retelling, discussing, restating ideas)
  • knows the main idea or theme and supporting details of a story or information piece
  • makes inferences based on text and prior knowledge (ex. Regarding traits, feelings, actions of characters)
  • reads for information used in performing tasks (ex. Directions, graphs, charts, signs, captions)
  • identifies fiction and non-fiction writing

Writing

Fluent writers… 

  • use pre-writing strategies independently ( such as brainstorming, webs, etc)
  • participates in the writing process through the whole group, small group, and independent writing
  • use beginning, middle and end organizational formats in their stories
  • use word wall words; sensory words
  • use the conventional spelling with most frequently used words
  • consistent use of spacing, capitalization, and punctuation
  • write for a variety of purposes on their own
  • able to plan, draft, conference, revise, edit, publish
  • create a narrative, informative pieces of writing
  • use technology/media resources to support learning

Mathematics

The student…

  • models addition and subtraction situations using a variety of strategies 
  • identifies, describes, and applies addition and subtraction as inverse operations
  • creates and uses increasingly sophisticated strategies, and uses properties such as commutative, associative and additive identity, to add whole numbers
  • uses counting strategies, number patterns, and models as a means for solving basic addition and subtraction fact problems
  • compares and orders whole numbers at least to 100
  • represents two-digit numbers in terms of tens and ones
  • orders counting numbers, compares their relative magnitudes (size), and represents numbers on a number line
  • uses appropriate vocabulary to compare shapes
  • composes (joins) and decomposes (takes apart) plane and solid figures
  • extends repeating and growing patterns, fills in missing terms, and justifies reasoning
  • measures by using iterations of a unit and counts the unit measure by grouping units
  • compares and orders objects according to descriptors
  • uses mathematical reasoning and beginning understanding of tens and ones
  • solves routine and non-routine problems by acting them out, using manipulative, and drawing diagrams
  • counts by 2s, 5s, and 10s to 100
  • counts combinations of coins up to $1.00
  • tells time to the hour and a half hour

Science

The student… 

  • understands that all matter has observable measurable properties
  • recognizes that energy may be changed in form
  • understands what types of motion may be described, measured, and predicted
  • recognizes patterns in weather
  • knows the basic needs of all living things
  • understands how living things interact with their environment
  • uses the scientific process and habits of mind to solve problems

 Ideas for Helping Your Child at Home 

Language Arts 

  • Read Daily! Listen to your child read. Read to your child.
  • Encourage your child to read from many sources including magazines, newspapers, non-fiction and fiction books.
  • Read a story with your child playing “word tag” You read some words, then tap your child’s shoulder for him/her to begin reading. Your child will tap your shoulder when it is time for you to read.
  • Read a page with “skip reading” You read one word and your child reads the next word. Continue to the end of the page.
  • Provide experiences in writing such as family journals, diaries and learning logs. Provide writing materials.
  • Set up a home message board. Write a message to your child every day.

Mathematics

  • Sort objects into groups of 2s, 5s, and 10s. Practice counting orally.
  • Manipulate objects to count up and back. Then write the math addition or subtraction sentence.
  • Have your child make a monthly family calendar of events.
  • Practice basic addition and subtraction facts using flashcards.
  • Practice telling time on an analog clock.
  • Identify, label and discuss all the geometric shapes found inside and outside your home.
  • Have your child assist with recipes and preparing meals.
  • Give a number and have your first grader say what comes next and before.
  • Give two numbers and have your first grader tell you which number is larger and/or smaller.
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